Thursday, June 25, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"Do You Even Lift, Bro?Ã¢â¬ Until a few short weeks ago, 19-year-old John Snow was like any ordinary teen. He enjoyed playing video games, watching Doctor Who and eating out every once in a while. Since leaving to attend Arizona State University, he naturally gained a few pounds but nothing more than the average student. But lately, Snow has been drawn to habits far more dangerous than the occasional extra scoop of Rocky Road. He has been gripped by the feverish, mind-numbing trend that defines Arizona State University: Curl Bros. A Ã¢â¬Å"Curl BroÃ¢â¬ is a teenage male who highly overemphasizes the importance of having a big chest and biceps. The process of becoming a Curl Bro begins innocently. Ordinary ASU students absentmindedly engage in hazardous activities such as ingesting Creatien or killing time at the Sun Devil Fitness Center. There are many reasons a young man might choose to join the ranks of Curl Bros, but the ending is always the same. Ã¢â¬Å"I fi rst started lifting to impress a girl, but now itÃ¢â¬â¢s my whole life,Ã¢â¬ says John Snow. From a scientific point of view, a Curl BroÃ¢â¬â¢s body responds to this change in lifestyle in a few unique ways. First, the body cuts off blood flow to the now unnecessary higher brain functions and then directs all excess nutrients to the biceps and ego, causing an unnatural enlargement of both. Symptoms include, but are not limited to: irrational emphasis on exercise, an overdeveloped libido, aggression, and poor fashion sense. Ã¢â¬Å"Before college, I was weak. I had fat on my body. It was disgusting,Ã¢â¬ says Snow, sporting a snap back and a tank top with an American flag on it, reading Ã¢â¬Å"Back-to-Back World War Champs.Ã¢â¬ In high school, John started Cookie Club, a community service organization that sold cookies to raise money for charity. He earned good grades in school and got along with his peers and teachers alike. He was voted Ã¢â¬ËMost LikeableÃ¢â ¬â¢ in his graduation yearbook. JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s childhood friend, Aria, sadly wonders, Ã¢â¬Å"What happened to my friend?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I got buff, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s all,Ã¢â¬ gasps a shirtless Snow between bench presses. Ã¢â¬Å"Do you realize how good I look? If the haters canÃ¢â¬â¢t handle my intensity, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s their problem.Ã¢â¬ When asked about the importance of lower body strength and exercises such as squats and calf raises, John refused to comment. He did however self-consciously drape a towel over his disproportionately scrawny legs. Before all the weightlifting started, John was known throughout his dorm for his infectious smile and laugh. These days, all John seems to laugh about are lesser weightlifters and Meatless Mondays. Robert Stark, JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s roommate, was hit the hardest by the transformation. Ã¢â¬Å"At the start of the year, we did everything together: we studied together, ate together, gamed together; it was great. Then, he changed,Ã¢â¬ recounts Robert. Ã¢â¬Å"The other day I woke up to find a pull-up bar installed in our shower. Seriously, why!?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I canÃ¢â¬â¢t decide whether to buy more compression shorts or a yearÃ¢â¬â¢s supply of whey protein. This decision is likeÃ¢â¬ ¦ really hard,Ã¢â¬ murmurs a frustrated John Snow. What began as a simple, fun exercise routine soon mushroomed into a full blown compulsion for John. Ã¢â¬Å"I just canÃ¢â¬â¢t stop myself. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not that I want to do curls- I need to do curls,Ã¢â¬ says Snow. Regarding his future plans and life goals, Snow says, Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m not really sure anymore. I used to like science, but now- all I want is to get big, I want to get yoked!Ã¢â¬ whilst making his pectoral muscles dance. Ã¢â¬Å"I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t always so devoted to The Temple,Ã¢â¬ admits a shamefaced Snow, lifting his shirt and gesturing at his abs. Ã¢â¬Å"I used to forget to end sentences by saying Ã¢â¬Ëbro.Ã¢â¬â¢ I would walk through th e gym and not even think of correcting peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s form. One time I even attended class. Thankfully, those days are over.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I loved my son no matter what shape or size he was. He might not have been the most athletic kid, but at least he was happy. Now, all he talks about is hitting clubs and getting swoll. What do those words even mean?Ã¢â¬ says JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s confused mother, Catelyn. Ã¢â¬Å"I just want my son back.Ã¢â¬ JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s irate father, Ned, takes a harder line, saying, Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ve seen a lot of messed up fads in my day, but IÃ¢â¬â¢ll be damned before I let my son use spray tan. Why canÃ¢â¬â¢t he just go back to pizza and online gaming like a normal kid?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I have less than ten percent body fat. I can bench my body weight. That means IÃ¢â¬â¢m healthy-- right?Ã¢â¬ wonders John.
Saturday, May 23, 2020
Posting ID: 227180 Back to Library Cart Problem go to solution Business, Other - Other KLF Electronics KLF 1. KLF Electronics is an American manufacturer of electronic equipment. The company has a single manufacturing facility in San Jose California. (20 points) KLF Electronics distributes its products through five regional warehouses located in Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Dallas, and Los Angeles. In the current distribution system, the United States is partitioned into five major markets, each of which is served by a single regional warehouse. Customers, typically retail outlets, receive items directly from the regional warehouses in their market area. That is, in the current distribution system, each customer is assigned toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦If the company plans for a single warehousing system, then it is basically focusing on the centralized warehousing which is responsible for serving the whole market. The network will be designed with the help of complete analysis of the company s operations. This will help to design an efficient strategy for the company. The location and size of the warehouse will be decided. The transportation and facility costs will also be calculated. The cost set up will be properly estimated. The networ k will consist of various facilities like manufacturing center, vendor, distribution center and customers. There will also be a variety of raw materials and finished products that flow among these facilities. Part B: Steps There are various steps that will be involved for designing a new logistics activity. In the first step, the currently operating network in the organization should be analyzed. In the second step, the network optimization database should be designed and populated. After this in the third step, the alternatives for network design should be created. In the fourth step, the network optimization model should be adopted. In the fifth step, the tool for network optimization should be selected. In the sixth step, the network optimization should be implemented. In the seventh step, the alternative network designs will be evaluated. In the last and the final step, theShow MoreRelatedDual Approach For Information Technology Strategic Management Essay1465 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof IT in the logistics sector. We conclude that IT will contribute to competitive advantage in limited cases and that most often the Ã¢â¬Å"strategic necessityÃ¢â¬ hypothesis will apply. We suggest a dual approach to information technology strategic management: on one hand, the firm should develop the capability to implement efficiently some Ã¢â¬Å"standardÃ¢â¬ solutions on an opportunity-based approach; on the other hand, it should embed its IT system in the organization with a strong top management commitment andRead MoreOrganizational Structure Of Walmart1055 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOrganizational structure, and also explain the importance of effective Supply Chain integration in an organization. Due to Walmart holding such a strong leadership position in the Global market its supply chain management according to (flash global.com 2017) overall methods and main components line up with most supply chains like purchasing, operations, distribution, and integration. Walmart has 120 million square foot network it has 160 distribution centers located within 130 miles of their designatedRead MoreSupply Chain Management Is The Flow Of Goods And Services Essay1321 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAbstract Supply chain management is the flow of goods and services which involves the movement and storage of raw materials, manufacturing, and delivering finished products from point or origin to point of consumption. Organizations find the need to rely on supply chain networks to compete in the global market. In the previous decade, supply chain networks had very little role to play and was only dedicated to large brands or companies with international distribution. In case there was any disruptionRead MoreLogistics And Supply Chain Management1033 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLogistics and supply chain management is an important aspect of a firmÃ¢â¬â¢s strategy for the business to achieve success by creating value throughout the logistics and supply chain. The research paper will outline the concepts that are involved in creating the logistics and supply management framework. The logistics and supply chain management strategies will drive success for the company towards fulfilling and supportin g customer needs, procurement and manufacturing operations of the firm. This researchRead MoreSupply Chain Management Of United Parcel Services1588 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Title Page: Supply Chain Management of United Parcel Services (UPS) Individual Research Paper Written in Fulfillment of Activity 8.5 Course Requirements for LGMT 683 October 2014 Term Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Ã¢â¬â Worldwide December 12, 2014 By Minina Johnson Ã¢â¬Æ' Abstract This research paper is written to explain the importance of globalization and supply chain management of the United Parcel Service (UPS). In this document, the reader will obtain the history and development of UPS asRead MoreSupply Chain Management Of Supply Chains1188 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe supply chain, not just a simple competition between enterprises. In order to win the competition in the supply chain, which means it must be through the management of the supply chain. Currently supply chains become more integrated, more global, the high-speed development of information technology has become an important driving force. In this report will explore the development of supply chain management technologies and important role. Supply chain and technologies role Supply chain is theRead MoreApplying Lean Tools and Techniques to Optimize Supply Chain Processes1139 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTo Optimize Supply Chain Processes Introduction In defining how best to apply lean tools and techniques to the optimization of supply chain processes, the systemic structure of a firms value chain needs to first be taken into account, with each specific sector of the supply chain considered an integral part. Of the many excellent insights gained from the study of Lean Logistics (Jones, Hines, Rich, 1997) one of the most significant is how the planning and execution of supply chain optimizationRead MoreImpact Of Downturn On The Fall Of Construction Output1466 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessince 2008 has generally increased levels of competition and the Ã¢â¬ËbuyingÃ¢â¬â¢ of turnover through the submission of low bids. This is especially relevant in capital intensive and high overhead businesses. These price pressures have flowed back up the supply chain, where price reviews have often been worse than the capacity to reduce cost from operations. In fact, there has been inflation exceeding cost increases in areas such as energy, which is a key cost line of some construction products manufacturersRead MoreSupply Chain : An Integrated Process1110 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesA supply chain may be defined as an integrated process wherein a number of various business entities (i.e., suppliers, manufacturers, distributors, and retailers) work together in an effort to: (1) acquire raw materials, (2) convert these raw materials into specified final products, and (3) deliver these final products to retailers. This chain is traditionally characterized by a forward flow of materials and a backward flow of information. For years, researchers and practitioners have primarily investigatedRead MoreUsing the VinLogic Simulation Model: Insights Gained and Lessons Learned727 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesOperations management is comprised of a series of concepts and frameworks that are best learned through the use of simulations and constraint-based modeling to show the effects of one decision on corporate performance. This is especially true i n the areas of logistics, transportation and supply chain management optimization, The VinLogic Simulation Model has specifically been designed to take into account the iterative nature of these disciplines, showing how trade-offs in one area of supply chain and logistics
Monday, May 18, 2020
Before the ability to read words, pictures can be used to communicate to babies or even the illiterate. Pictures are universal. They will be seen as the same language no matter what part of the globe you are in. A good author can create pictures through his words. A great author can create the same imagery for centuries to come. The function of imagery in the mid-sixteenth century play Othello by William Shakespeare is to add characterization and eventually define meaning in the play. The antagonist Iago is defined through various images, some being the use of poison and sleeping aids, to show his true evil nature. OthelloÃ¢â¬â¢s character is also shaped by imagery such as the black and white, animalistic, and horse images, which indicates hisÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This is based solely on his black skn and the fact that he is of a non-Venetian decent which makes him an alien to others. Although, in the end it is proved that Iago is the real Ã¢â¬Å"Demi-devilÃ¢â¬ that is common throughout the play, even tho Othello is made out to be some devil solely because of his skin color. From this we can get a grasp of how racial prejudices were prominent in the mid-sixteenth century. Female characters in Othello are also somewhat determined by images. Women were not treated with any respect throughout the play. Mainly because of the society of the time was focused on men being the dominant gender, which is showed through the imagery portrayed of women throughout the play. Prostitutution imagery plays a heavy part in revealing the women throughout the play, with the women being called many names such as Ã¢â¬Å"Hobby-horsesÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"MinxesÃ¢â¬ , and Ã¢â¬Å"MinionsÃ¢â¬ . Desdemona, Emelia and Bianca are all referred to as some of these names throughout the play. Through the whole disregard for the emotions and feelings of women in the play, we can see how it went along with the views of women on its contemporary audience. Women all throughout the play are treated like objects by the males. Which is evident through the deaths of all but one of the women, Bianca. All of their deaths happen because of the mensÃ¢â¬â¢ need to have them as a possession that th ey have completeShow MoreRelated The Use Of Animal Imagery In Othello Essay1040 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages In William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s play Ã¢â¬Å"OthelloÃ¢â¬ the use of animal imagery was evident throughout the telling of the story. Shakespeare explained several characters actions by comparing them to similarities in animals. The characters in Ã¢â¬Å"OthelloÃ¢â¬ were often depicted as having animal-like characteristics. Some characters were even compared to animals by other characters in the play. By defining characters in terms of these characteristics one can get a clear description of what the character isRead MoreThe Development of the Character of Othello as Shown by his Use of Language and Imagery in William Shakespeares Play2263 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesThe Development of the Character of Othello as Shown by his Use of Language and Imagery in William Shakespeares Play During the course of the play Othellos character goes through a series of changes, but ends up almost the same as when the play started, calm and in control. This change in Othellos character is like a rollercoaster; he starts off calm, collected and in control, and then quickly progresses to losing control and allowing jealousy to take him over. HoweverRead MoreIago : The Rhetorician Conspirator1680 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDavin Truong Professor Bains English Writing 301 11/13/14 Iago: The Rhetorician Conspirator In William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Othello, the antagonist Iago is arguably the most heinous villain in all of literature. His ability to shape shift in and out of character is what makes him unique. His tactics are similar to that of a cold blooded chameleon. IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s art of persuasion, his mastery of rhetoric as well as his ability to sense his victimsÃ¢â¬â¢ insecurities and weaknesses, is what makes him so diabolicallyRead MoreTheme Of Black And White In Othello1072 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s tragic play Othello is a tale of power, love, and deception. However, racial prejudice is also a critical component in the playÃ¢â¬â¢s larger assertations, and the abundance of black and white imagery throughout it suggests that white is synonymous with good and that black is synonymous with evil. As such, this imagery is vital to the playÃ¢â¬â¢s overriding paradox, which is that Othello Ã¢â¬Å"is far more fair than blackÃ¢â¬ (Shakespeare 1.3.285). To clarify, Sh akespeare portrays Othello as inherently Ã¢â¬ËgoodÃ¢â¬â¢Read MoreIago, By William Shakespeare1669 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Othello, the antagonist Iago is arguably the most heinous villain in all of literature. His ability to shape shift in and out of character is what makes him unique. His tactics are similar to that of a cold blooded chameleon. IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s art of persuasion, his mastery of rhetoric as well as his ability to sense his victimsÃ¢â¬â¢ insecurities and weaknesses, is what makes him so diabolically ruthless. Throughout the play, one can truly see the power of words and their delivery,Read More Imagery in Othello Essay example1271 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesImagery in OthelloÃ Ã Ã Ã The vast array of natural imagery in ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s tragic drama Othello dazzles the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s minds. Let us survey in this essay the varieties of imagery referred to by the playwright. Ã The vulgar imagery of OthelloÃ¢â¬â¢s ancient dominates the opening of the play. Francis Ferguson in Ã¢â¬Å"Two Worldviews Echo Each OtherÃ¢â¬ describes the types of imagery used by the antagonist when he Ã¢â¬Å"slips his mask asideÃ¢â¬ while awakening Brabantio: Ã Iago is letting loose theRead More Free Othello Essay: The Disintegration of Othello590 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesDisintegration of Othello nbsp; nbsp;nbsp; Shakespeares Othello is a play with unique characters. One such character is the one for which Shakespeare names his play. In the play, Othello disintegrates from a confident leader to a homicidal murderer. Linguistic changes throughout the play attest to this theory. nbsp; In the opening scenes, Shakespeare portrays Othello as a noble character. When Brabantio seeks vengeance (for stealing his daughter) on Othello, Othello expresses his actionsRead MoreEssay on Conflict in Othello877 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesOthello is a play which contains many conflicts between the characters. The main conflicts in Ã¢â¬ËOthelloÃ¢â¬â¢ are between friends and foes. OthelloÃ¢â¬â¢s inner conflict, cultural and racial differences which lead to racial judgement and discrimination, to express these conflicts; Shakespeare uses many techniques such as soliloquies, dramatic irony, imagery foreshadowing and symbolism. Amongst the main characters there are many conflicts, however the main reason for most of the conflict if Iago and ShakespeareRead MoreShakespeares Play Othello and Tim Blake Nelsons Film O 826 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesunaffected. Through the texts by composers William Shakespeare and Tim Blake nelson and their texts Othello and the late 20th century contemporary film O, the key values of trust, honesty and loyalty are explored with contextual influences being reflected. The values are explored with the use of thematic development of the key issues jealousy and appearance vs reality and the use of dramatic devices in Othello and cinematic techniques in O. Shakespeares accurate representation explored these values inRead More Othellos Loss for Words Essay1590 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessee how anti-heroic words shape the way we see this self-interested character. During the third scene of the first act, Othello speaks eloquently about how heÃ¢â¬â¢s won and married Desdemona. This is a beautiful forty-line speech that really shows his capacity to articulate and communicate effectively before the higher court. The language that he uses helps us see Othello as a true, confident leader. Shakespeare writes: Hath this extent, no more, Rude am I in my speech,
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Frances Perkins (April 10, 1880 Ã¢â¬â May 14, 1965) becameÃ the first woman to serve in a presidents cabinet when she was appointed the Secretary of Labor byÃ Franklin D. Roosevelt. She played a prominent public role throughout Roosevelts 12-year presidency and was instrumental in shaping New Deal policies and major pieces of legislation such as the Social Security Act. Her commitment to public service was greatly energized in 1911 when she stood on a New York City sidewalk and witnessed the fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory which killed dozens of young working women. The tragedy motivated her to work as a factory inspector and devote herself to promoting the rights of American workers. Fast Facts: Frances Perkins Full Name:Ã Fannie Coralie PerkinsKnown As:Ã Frances PerkinsKnown For: First woman in a presidents cabinet; major figure in theÃ passage of Social Security; trusted and valued adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.Born:Ã April 10,1880 inÃ Boston, Massachusetts.Died: May 14,1965 in New York, New YorkSpouses Name: Paul Caldwell WilsonChilds Name: Susana Perkins Wilson Early Life and Education Fannie Coralie Perkins (she would later adopt the first name Frances) was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on April 10, 1880. Her family could trace its roots back to settlers in the 1620s. When she was a child, Perkins father moved the family to Worcester, Massachusetts, where he operated a store that sold stationery. Her parents had little formal education, but her father, in particular, read widely and had educated himself about history and the law. Perkins attended Worcester Classical High School, graduating in 1898. At some point in her teen years, she read How the Other Half Lives by Jacob Riis, the reformer and pioneering photojournalist. Perkins would later cite the book as an inspiration for her lifes work. She was accepted to Mount Holyoke College, though she was fearful of its rigorous standards. She had not considered herself to be very bright, but after working hard to pass a challenging chemistry class, she gained self-confidence. As a senior at Mount Holyoke,Ã Perkins took a course on American economic history. A field trip to local factories and mills was a requirement of the course. Witnessing firsthand the poor working conditions had a profound effect on Perkins. She realized that workers were being exploited by dangerous conditions, and came to see how injured workers could find themselves forced into a life of poverty. Before leaving college, Perkins helped found a chapter of the National Consumers League. The organization sought to improve working conditions by urging consumers not to purchase products manufactured in unsafe conditions.Ã Career Beginnings After graduation from Mount Holyoke in 1902, Perkins took teaching jobs in Massachusetts and lived with her family in Worcester. At one point, she rebelled against her familys wishes and traveled to New York City to visit an agency which dealt with helping the poor. She insisted on getting a job interview, but wasnt hired. The director of the organization thought she was naive and presumed that Perkins would be overwhelmed working among the urban poor. After two unhappy years in Massachusetts after college, Perkins applied and was hired for a teaching job at Ferry Academy, a girls boarding schoolÃ in Chicago. Once settled in the city, she began visiting Hull House, a settlement house founded and led by noted social reformer Jane Addams. Perkins changed her name from Fannie to Frances and devoted all the time she could to her work at Hull House. After three years in Illinois, Perkins took a job in Philadelphia for an organization that researched social conditions faced by young women and African Americans working in the citys factories. Then, in 1909, Perkins earned a scholarship to attend graduate school at Columbia University in New York City. In 1910, she completed her masters thesis: an investigation of undernourished children attending a school in Hells Kitchen. While completing her thesis, she began working for the New York office of the Consumers League and became active in campaigns to improve working conditions for the citys poor. Political Awakening On March 25, 1911, a Saturday afternoon, Perkins was attending a tea at a friends apartment on Washington Square in New Yorks Greenwich Village. The sounds of a terrible commotion reached the apartment, and Perkins raced a few blocks to the Asch Building on Washington Place. A fire had broken out at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, a clothing sweatshop that employed mostly young immigrant women. Doors kept locked to prevent workers from taking a break trapped the victims on the 11th floor, where ladders of the fire department couldnt reach them. Frances Perkins, in the crowd on a nearby sidewalk, witnessed the horrible spectacle of young women falling to their deaths to escape the flames. Unsafe conditions in the factory had cost 145 lives. Most of the victims were young working class and immigrant women. The New York State Factory Investigation Commission was formed within months of the tragedy. Frances Perkins was hired as an investigator for the commission, and she was soon leading inspections of factories and reporting on safety and health conditions. The job was aligned with her career goal, and it brought her into a working relationship with Al Smith, a New York City assemblyman who served as the vice-chair of the commission. Smith would later become governor of New York and eventually the Democratic nominee for president in 1928. Political Focus In 1913, Perkins married Paul Caldwell Wilson, who worked in the office of the mayor of New York City. She kept her last name, partly because she was often giving speeches advocating better conditions for workers and she didnt want to risk that her husband would be drawn into controversy. She had a child that died in 1915, but a year later gave birth to a healthy babyÃ girl. Perkins assumed she would ease away from her work life and devote herself to being a wife and mother,Ã perhaps volunteering for various causes. Perkins plan to withdraw from public service changed for two reasons. Firstly, her husband began to suffer bouts of mental illness, and she felt compelled to stay employed. Secondly, Al Smith, who had become a friend, was elected governor of New York in 1918. It seemed apparent to Smith that women would soon get the right to vote, and it was a good time to hire a woman for a substantial role in the state government. Smith appointed Perkins to the industrial commission of the New York State Department of Labor.Ã While working for Smith, Perkins became friends with Eleanor Roosevelt, and her husband, Franklin D. Roosevelt. As Roosevelt was recuperating after contracting polio, Perkins helped him keep in touch with labor leaders and began to advise him on the issues. Appointed by Roosevelt After Roosevelt was elected governor of New York, he appointed Perkins to head the New York State Department of Labor. Perkins was actually the second woman to be in a New York governors cabinet (in Al Smiths administration, Florence Knapp had served briefly as secretary of state). The New York Times noted that Perkins was being promoted by Roosevelt as he believed she had made a very fine record in her post in the state government. During Roosevelts term as governor, Perkins became nationally known as an authority on laws and regulations governing labor and business. When an economic boom ended and theÃ Great Depression began in late 1929, less than a year into Roosevelts term as governor, Perkins faced a startling new reality.Ã She immediately began making plans for the future. She took actions to deal with the impact of the Depression in New York State, and she and Roosevelt essentially prepared for how they could take action on a national stage. After Roosevelt was elected president in 1932, he appointed Perkins to be the nations secretary of labor, and she became the first woman to serve in a presidents cabinet.Ã Role in The New Deal Roosevelt took office on March 4, 1933, stating Americans had nothing to fear but fear itself. The Roosevelt administration immediately went into action to battle the effects of the Great Depression. Perkins led the effort to institute unemployment insurance. She also pushed for higher wages for workers as a measure to stimulate the economy. One of her first major actions was to oversee the creation of the Civilian Conservation Corps, which became known as the CCC. The organization took young unemployed men and put them to work on conservation projects throughout the nation. Frances PerkinsÃ greatest achievement is generally considered her work devising the plan that became the Social Security Act. There was great opposition in the country to the idea of social insurance, but the act successfully passedÃ through Congress and was signed into law by Roosevelt in 1935. Decades later, in 1962, Perkins gave a speech titled The Roots of Social Security in which she detailed the struggle: Once you get the ear of a politician, you get something real. The highbrows can talk forever and nothing happens. People smile benignlyÃ on them and let it go. But once the politician gets an idea, he deals in getting things done. In addition to her work shapingÃ legislation, Perkins was at the center of labor disputes. In an era when the labor movement was approaching its peak of power, and strikes were often in the news, Perkins became extremely active in her role as labor secretary. Impeachment Threat In 1939,Ã conservative members of Congress,Ã including Martin Dies, the leaderÃ of theÃ House Committee on Un-American Activities, launched a crusade against her. SheÃ had prevented the speedy deportation of an Australian-born leader of the West Coast longshoremans union, Harry Bridges. He had been accused of being a communist. By extension, Perkins was accused of communist sympathies. Members of Congress moved to impeach Perkins in January 1939, and hearings were held to decide whether impeachment charges were warranted. Ultimately, Perkins career withstood the challenge, but it was a painful episode. (While the tactic of deporting labor leaders had been used before, evidence against Bridges fell apart during a trial and he remained in the United States.) Outbreak of World War II On December 7, 1941, Perkins was in New York City when she was told to return to Washington immediately. She attended a cabinet meeting that night at which Roosevelt told his administration about the severity of the attack on Pearl Harbor.Ã At the beginning of World War II, American industry was transitioning from producing consumer goods to the material of war. Perkins continued as secretary of labor, but her role was not as prominent as it had been previously. Some of her major goals, such as a national health insurance program, were abandoned. Roosevelt felt he could no longer spend political capital on domestic programs. Perkins, exhausted by her long tenure in the administration, and feeling that anyÃ further goals were unattainable, planned to leave the administration by 1944. But Roosevelt asked her to stay after the election of 1944. When he won a fourth term, she continued on at the Labor Department. On April 12, 1945, a Sunday afternoon, Perkins was at homeÃ in Washington when sheÃ received an urgent call to go to the White House. Upon arrival, she was informed of President Roosevelts death. She became determined to leave government, but continued in a transition period and stayed in the Truman administration for a few months, until July 1945. Later Career and Legacy President Harry Truman later asked PerkinsÃ to return to government. She took a post as one of three civil service commissioners overseeing the federal workforce. She continued in that job until the end of the Truman administration. Following her long career in government, Perkins remained active. She taught at Cornell University, and often spoke about government and labor topics. In 1946, she published a book, The Roosevelt I Knew, which was a generally positive memoir of working with the late president. However, she never published a full account of her own life. In the spring of 1965, at ageÃ 85, her health began to fail. She died on May 14, 1965 in New York City. Notable political figures, including President Lyndon Johnson, issued tributes to her and to her work that helped bring America back from the depths of the Great Depression. Sources Frances Perkins. Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed., vol. 12, Gale, 2004, pp. 221-222. Gale Virtual Reference Library.Perkins, Frances. Great Depression and the New Deal Reference Library, edited by Allison McNeill, et al., vol. 2: Biographies, UXL, 2003, pp. 156-167. Gale Virtual Reference Library.Perkins, Frances. American Decades, edited by Judith S. Baughman, et al., vol. 5: 1940-1949, Gale, 2001. Gale Virtual Reference Library.Downey, Kirstin. The Woman Behind the New Deal. Doubleday, 2009.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Each individual makes up the society as it is, and various characteristics and beliefs makes up an individual. Although, individual lives together with a variety of personal ideologies, emotions, cultures, and rituals, they all differentiate one person from the other making up oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own identity. This identity makes up who one is inside and out, their behaviour, actions, and words comes from their own practices and values. However, the profound history of Indigenous people raises question in the present about their identities. Who are they really? Do we as the non-native people judge them from the outside or the inside? Regardless of whether the society or the government were involved in their lives, they faced discrimination in everyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It takes away an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s right of living their own life with their own desires, to give away the precious parts of their lives to live another life they would have never thought of living. It is discrimi natory in the sense that one culture and society is undesirable about another and takes and action legally to do something that is humanly illegal. If one gives away their true self-identity, they give away much more than that. These individuals suffered mentally and physically due to these laws. The ethical question comes into this because one must consider whether for one personÃ¢â¬â¢s values and beliefs and superior or important over the other? Many questions come to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s mind and the answers lays inside one person-an individual must place their selves in the shoe of the other to get the answers through their experiences. However this was not the only issue, among many others, the government policies also put prominence on many other parts aboriginal peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. The policies were not general to this group of people but went more explicit to the genders. The gender discrimination took place when Indian Act specified the status of women and men after marriage. The two sections, 6(1) and 6(2), differentiate the genders and imitate inequalities. Ã¢â¬Å"The children of the women who married non-Indians before 1985 cannot pass along Indian status under section 6(2). The children of men do not face this same restriction as they are registered under section 6(1)Ã¢â¬ Show MoreRelatedWho Are Indigenous Australi Identity?1619 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdictionary definition of Ã¢â¬ËidentityÃ¢â¬â¢ focuses on notions of individuality and self (Collins English Dictionary, n.d.), yet any elaboration of an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s sense of self, will inevitably become relational, including details such as pare nts, siblings and where one is born. 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string(169) " systematic observation the instructor observes the whole category hence allow him/her to go cognizant of the pupils needs whereby the instructor can be after suitably\." As instructors we interact, work and program activities for pupils. These activities are geared to develop their acquisition, hence be aftering for pupils progress instructors need to document the development of the kids betterments on a day-to-day footing. To make this a system that is easy to utilize and one that is flexible plenty to account all or most of the activities they participate in, therefore appraisal is an umportant portion of entering advancement. We will write a custom essay sample on Portfolio A Systematic Collection Education Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now Appraisal is the procedure of happening out what kids can make, what they know and the things they are interested in. appraisal besides involves all methods through which instructors can derive an apprehension of kids Ã¢â¬Ës development and acquisition. Assessment is of import because once information is gained, appropriate activities and experiences can be implemented for continued growing in all countries of development. Appraisal comes in many signifiers, and some work better than others. The National Association for the Education of Young Children ( NAEYC ) provides assessment guidelines in its publicationA Developmentally Appropriate Practice in Early Childhood Programs Serving Children From Birth Through Age Eight. In this publication, NAEYC states that: Ã¢â¬Å" Developmental appraisal of kids Ã¢â¬Ës advancement and accomplishments is used to accommodate course of study to fit the developmental demands of kids, to pass on with the kid Ã¢â¬Ës household, and to measure the plan Ã¢â¬Ës effectivity Ã¢â¬ ( Bredekamp, p. 13 ) . Ã¢â¬Å" Appraisal of single kids Ã¢â¬Ës development and acquisition is indispensable for planning and implementing developmentally appropriate plans, but should be used with cautiousness to forestall favoritism against persons and to guarantee truth. Accurate testing can merely be achieved with dependable, valid instruments and such instruments developed for usage with immature kids are highly rare. In the absence of valid instruments, proving is non valuable. Therefore, appraisal of immature kids should trust to a great extent on the consequences of observations and descriptive informations Ã¢â¬ ( Bredekamp, pp. 12-13 ) . Portfolios Portfolio is a systematic aggregation or sample of kids work, with information associating to each kid Ã¢â¬Ës developmental advancement which depicts the pupil activities, achievements, and accomplishments within the educational scene. As explained by Carol Gestwicki in Developmentally Appropriate Practice: Course of study and Development in Early Education, Ã¢â¬Å" Portfolios may incorporate aggregations of representative work of kids that illustrate their advancement and achievementsaÃâ Ã ¦ Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å" Children are encouraged to add their ain choices of work that they feel show their advancement to the portfolios Ã¢â¬ ( Gestwicki, p. 304 ) . Portfolio promotes a positive, enthusiastic position is the statement in Janine Batzles Ã¢â¬Ës book, A Portfolio Assessment and Evaluation: Ã¢â¬Å" A portfolio should be a jubilation of the kid Ã¢â¬Ës alone abilities, accomplishments, and advancement, displayed through reliable samples Ã¢â¬ ( Batzle, p. 60 ) . There are two major types of portfolios which instructors can utilize which is procedure and merchandise portfolio. The procedure portfolio is used to document each phase of larning which provides a progressive record of pupil Ã¢â¬Ës growing. The merchandise portfolio demonstrates command of a learning undertaking or a set of larning aims and contains merely the best work. Teachers use process portfolios to assist pupils place larning ends, papers advancement over clip, and show acquisition commandÃ¢â¬ ¦ In general, instructors prefer to utilize procedure portfolios because they are ideal for documenting the phases that pupils go through as they learn and advancement ( Venn, 2000, p. 533 ) . Student Ã¢â¬Ës portfolios can take assorted physical signifiers, depending on which 1 is comfy for the instructor and the type of kid attention plan offered. They can be boxes, squeeze box files, booklets, three-ring binders, exposure albums, and or combinations and similar points can be used as receptacles for cogent evidence of advancement. Teachers can hold two containers: one for 3-dimensional samples of the kid Ã¢â¬Ës attempts and another for signifiers and planar beginnings of information. Portfolios are an individualised manner in measuring pupils hence each kid should hold their ain portfolio. Portfolios can include many points of each kid Ã¢â¬Ës alone involvements, besides pupils demands can be addressed harmonizing to what is included in their portfolio. Teachers can utilize exposures, drawings, colloquial notes, sound and picture recordings and observations. Photographs are taken of kids when they work on undertakings that can non be saved for future mention, like edifice blocks, modeling clay, bead threading where at times they threading harmonizing to pictured forms, and when they build mystifiers without aid. Samples of the kids Ã¢â¬Ës work is saved in their portfolios as they are placed each kid advancement, helps the instructor and parents to derive a better apprehension of the pupil strengths and failing depending on the age and development degree of each kid. With this information from the portfolios, instructors are able to be after for future course of study. Some advantages of portfolio appraisal is where instructors can mensurate public presentation based on echt samples of the kids Ã¢â¬Ës work, it enables instructors and pupils to portion in the duty for puting learning ends and for measuring their advancement toward run intoing those ends and portfolios can supply a procedure for structuring acquisition in phases. The disadvantages of portfolio appraisal could be hard in garnering all the necessary informations and work samples which therefore makes portfolios bulky and hard to pull off, and besides to develop a systematic and calculated direction system tends to be hard, but this measure is necessary in order to do them a random aggregation of pupils work. Systematic Observation Systematic observations are observations where instructors become really familiar with the involvements, demands, and strengths of all of the kids in their schoolrooms. With this type of observation instructors become cognizant when kids exhibit discernible forms of behavior that indicate they are fighting with larning prior to formal procedure of acquisition, every bit immature as age three ( Lowenthal, 1998 ; Steele, 2004 ) . With a tool to aim their observations, instructors can utilize systematic observation as a speedy and cost-efficient manner to find which kids might be fighting with acquisition and benefit from extra support ( Satz A ; Fletcher, 1988 ) .A With the usage of systematic observation the instructor observes the whole category hence allow him/her to go cognizant of the pupils needs whereby the instructor can be after suitably. You read "Portfolio A Systematic Collection Education Essay" in category "Essay examples" This type of observation agencies that decisions or readings are based on observations of the kid over clip instead than a erstwhile appraisal of a kid Ã¢â¬Ës accomplishments and abilities.A Systematic observation is to be done when kids, are playing entirely, in little groups, in big groups, at assorted times of twenty-four hours and in assorted fortunes. Systematic observation must be nonsubjective, selective, unnoticeable, and carefully recorded ( Bertrand and Cebula, 1980 ) . Teachers are to detect the kids interacting with their environment and with others and document what they see. Some instructors use checklists, stock list, evaluation graduated table, anecdotal notes, recordings or other signifiers to enter their observations. This procedure seems to be natural and appropriate for preschool instructors because Ã¢â¬Å" Preschool kids demonstrate growing and larning through activity ( Worthham, 1994, p. 213 ) . The checklist or stock list is entering tools which are used for entering pupil Ã¢â¬Ës advancement and this procedure is easier for instructors to work with. Checklist or stock list are to be based on instructional aims and the development associated with the acquisition of the accomplishments being monitored, thereby these observations should be based on regular activities, non on specially designed or contrived activities. These tools can besides include infinites for brief remarks, which provide extra information non captured in the checklist. Rating Scale is used to assist instructors and parents gather and portion information about immature kids with specific attending to features that might be early marks of larning disablements. The evaluation graduated table besides allows instructors and parents to reflect consistently on their concerns and helps them acknowledge if the kid would profit from extra support. The information gathered about the pupils across developmental spheres, which are the Perceptual and Motor, Self-Management, Social and Emotional, Early Math, Early Literacy, Receptive Language, and the Expressive Language sphere. The consequences will inform communicating and planning among parents, school forces, and others. Anecdotal notes are used to enter specific observations of single pupil behaviors, accomplishments and attitudes, these notes provide cumulative information on pupil acquisition, uncovering penetrations about the kid Ã¢â¬Ës advancement when they are reviewed consecutive and provides way for farther direction. Anecdotal records are besides factual, nonjudgmental notes of kids Ã¢â¬Ës activity ( Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory, 1991 ) . They are most utile for entering self-generated events. The advantages are that the perceiver does non necessitate particular preparation, and the observation can be used to concentrate specifically on the behavior of involvement. The disadvantages of this type of appraisal are that the consequences depend upon the memory of the single perceiver, and the perceiver may overlook much important behavior to concentrate on a specific behavior. Systematic observation strengths are that it is used in the natural scene of the kid Ã¢â¬Ës schoolroom environment, the instructor can detect what causes the pupil specific behavior and topographic points minimum restraints on kids Ã¢â¬Ës behavior and activities, leting them to act of course and exhibit their full scope of accomplishments and abilities while prosecuting in activities that hold intending for them, such as dramatic drama activities or block building ( Hills, 1993 ; Schweinhart, 1993 ) . Systematic observation besides has its weak countries where the teacher/observer may falsify information which can do them invalid, some pupils do non work efficaciously when they are being watched and they may execute otherwise. Traditional Trial Traditional appraisal ( TA ) refers to standardise proving that uses inquiries with a limited figure of reply picks. They can be multiple-choice trials, fill-in-the-blanks, true-false, duplicate, essays and some short reply responses. Students typically select an reply or remember information to finish the appraisal. These trials may be standardized or teacher-created, and may be administered locally, province broad, or internationally. Other proving methods, sometimes known as performance-based appraisal, alternate appraisal or reliable appraisal, focal point on the procedure by which a pupil arrives at an reply in add-on to the concluding response. Most standardised trials are non designed to measure the individualised growing and development taking topographic point in your schoolroom. But there are other assessment tools that do! Early on childhood pedagogues are uncomfortable with the thought of proving the immature kids they work with. This is because the traditional appraisal tools were designed chiefly for older elementary-school pupils. Children taking these trials are assessed on stray accomplishments in ways that are unfamiliar to them, and the trial consequences frequently do non reflect kids Ã¢â¬Ës personal experiences or cognition. One of the primary benefits of traditional appraisal is the easiness in which decision makers and admittances professionals can analyse and compare pupil tonss. Standardized proving that relies wholly on quantifiable responses produces an appraisal that is easy to hit. Test shapers can categorise inquiries to find which countries pupils excel in and which they have trouble with. Students Ã¢â¬Ë consequences are comparable over clip and across a big, diverse group of pupils. Recently nevertheless, new attacks to appraisal has been deriving credence among early childhood and primary class instructors. These are known as Ã¢â¬Å" public presentation Ã¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å" reliable Ã¢â¬ appraisal ; these new tools have many benefits that standardized trials do non, which are, that they consistently document what kids know and can make based on activities they engage in on a day-to-day footing in their schoolrooms. They are flexible plenty to let instructors to measure each kid Ã¢â¬Ës advancement utilizing information obtained from ongoing schoolroom interactions with stuffs and equals. They are a agencies for bettering direction, leting instructors to be after a comprehensive, developmentally oriented course of study based on their cognition of each kid. Traditional appraisal methods have the disadvantage of missing real-world context. Students answer inquiries one by one without the demand to use long-run critical logical thinking accomplishments. They besides lack opportunities to show their logical thinking accomplishments despite a deficiency of cognition about a inquiry Ã¢â¬Ës specific capable affair. Alternate assessment methods allow pupils to use their accomplishments and cognition within a context that more closely resembles job work outing and knowledge application in most occupations or day-to-day undertakings. Traditional appraisal besides has both advantages and disadvantages when it comes to the manner pedagogues teach. Traditional appraisal forces pedagogues to pass clip learning pupils how to pull off trials, including schemes for choosing right replies from a listed group. Alternative appraisal allows pedagogues to concentrate on critical logical thinking accomplishments, which pupils will be able to use of course to long-form trial inquiries. However, in state of affairss where alternate appraisal replaces traditional appraisal, this means instructors need to larn new methods of trial readying and schools need to develop alternate signifiers of public presentation appraisal for their pupils and instructors. Decision Appraisals are utile, effectual tools to help early childhood professionals in admiting and documenting each kid Ã¢â¬Ës advancement. Appraisals can be alone to each kid and the contents can concentrate on each kid Ã¢â¬Ës specific interactions with his or her environment, stuffs, equals, and instructors. Both parents and kids can work together positively. This tripartite conferencing and planning method, affecting instructors, parents, and kids, is a major end of reliable appraisal today ( Ryan, p. 2 ) . Appraisals are practical and utile for both coverage and planning. The signifier and format are adaptable to each educational plan of immature kids. 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Ontario Teachers Strike Essay Education is probably the most important resource in our society. The education System determines our future, by educating the youngest segment of our population. For this reason, it should be of great concern when there is a problem or an issue like a Teachers strike. The Ontario teachers strike that began on Monday October 27 involves 126,000 teachers and affects 2.1 Million students in the province. This strike is North Americas largest, right ahead of the 1975 New York City strike when 60,000 teachers walked off the job . The main issue of debate is over Bill 160, which is all about who holds The Power to set education policy in the province of Ontario. Bill 160 centralizes control of the education system, putting it in the hands of the provincial government. It eliminates the authority of school boards and teachers unions to set classroom and teaching conditions locally through collective bargaining. The bill allows the government to regulate class sizes, education property tax rates, teachers preparation time, the amount of time teachers and students spend in school and the use of non-certified instructors. The issue is whether teachers should have a role in educational reform. of great concern when there is a problem or an issue like a Teachers strike. The Ontario teachers strike that began on Monday October 27 involves 126,000 teachers and affects 2.1 Million students in the province. This strike is North Americas largest, right ahead of the 1975 New York City strike when 60,000 teachers walked off the job .The main issue of debate is over Bill 160, which is all about who holds The Power to set education policy in the province of Ontario. Bill 160 centralizes control of the education system, putting it in the hands of the provincial government. It eliminates the authority of school boards and teachers unions to set classroom and teaching conditions locally through collective bargaining. The bill allows the government to regulate class sizes, education property tax rates, teachers preparation time, the amount of time teachers and students spend in school and the use of non-certified instructors. The issue is whether teachers should have a role in educational reform. The strike is illegal, because most of the te! achers have existing contracts. Ontario premier Mike Harris said that reforms are needed to stop a decline in student performance. Although the same government announced that the bill will allow the education ministry to cut 7,000 teaching jobs and up to $700 million from the $14-billion education budget. The strike is not a typical one, because its not really a labor issue.Its not about teachers fighting a school board over a collective bargaining agreement. Its a strike protesting against the Harris government and Bill 160. While the teachers want to protest Bill 160, they also have an obligation to teach their Students.Many teachers are caught in this dilemma; do you go to the classroom, or do you go to the wall to defend education? Are teachers responsible first and foremost for their students or should they be loyal to the union?Many teachers in Ontario feel that they should be there for their students, although theyre Scared To cross the picket line.Eileen Lennon, president of the Ontario Teachers Federation, has said that teachers who cross picket lines wont be sanctioned.However, they might take heat from individual co-workers when they get back on the job.The Teachers feel that they have to show solidarity with the union, or they will be alienate! d. Parents should be on the alert that their schools may be closed in the very near future, Lennon said. When we do it, it will be province wide. Union members met with education minister Dave Johnson over changes to Bill 160, although nothing was resolved.Johnson said he was discouraged following a one-hour meeting with representatives of the five major teachers unions. He said he would not make changes the unions demanded. I was presented with a list of issues to pull out of Bill 160, Johnson said. Ive been presented with an ultimatum to take these sections out of Bill 160 and further discussions, according to the Ontario Teachers Federation, are not able to take place until those sections are taken out of the bill. Union leaders said they asked Johnson to remove some provisions that would allow the province to use non-certified teachers in classrooms and to regulate class size, teacher preparation time and the amount of time teachers spend in the classroom.Johnson says the changes are necessary to improve the quality of education. The government and the unions have each spent over 1 million dollars in advertising, trying to win Motivating Employees Essayover the support of the people of Ontario.The most recent polls show that the unions have a slight edge over the government as they prepared for the illegal strike.Though the longer the strike lasts, the opinion will shift to the gove.. rnment. The question is: How long will people put up with the inconvenience in light of the over-arching motives? Right now, tone and character become extremely important. Opinion on the issue is constantly changing, with a shift of two or three percentage points a day over the last week, most of it going to the government. Oracle Research released a poll Thursday October 23 .